If you Think Bodybuilding is Inflating, Read on
An Australian study suggests that bodybuilding has as much or more health benefits as endurance.
Many studies have highlighted the beneficial effects of endurance (all aerobic activity such as running, walking or cycling) on health and longevity. But we still lacked studies on the effects of bodybuilding (push-up, pull-up).
A recent study, published in the journal American Journal of Epidemiology, by Dr. Emmanuel Stamatakis (University of Sydney), suggests that bodybuilding would be just as beneficial to health as aerobic exercise.
This study was conducted using data from UK and Scottish health authorities collected between 1994 and 2008; it covers 80,306 people aged 30 and over. Researchers examined the link between weightless bodybuilding (pump, traction) and all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease and cancer.
Although this is only an observational study, the researchers were careful to adjust the results to the variables (age, gender, general health, education levels and of life).
Participants who had previously been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease or cancer, as well as participants who died in the first two years of the study, were excluded from the analysis.
What the study says
- In people who practiced bodybuilding, regardless of its frequency and intensity, the researchers noted a 23% reduction in the risk of all-cause death and a 33% decrease in the risk of cancer-related deaths compared to non-practitioners .
- For those who practiced bodybuilding at least twice a week, the risk of all-cause death was reduced by 21% and that of cancer deaths by 34%.
- In comparison, those who had 150 minutes of moderate intensity endurance, the risk of all-cause death was reduced by 16% and the risk of cardiovascular death by 22%.
- The practice of bodybuilding and aerobic activity was associated with a risk of death from all causes reduced by 29% and a risk of death from cancer decreased by 30%.
If it is not yet irrefutable proof since we are in the presence of observational studies, these results, say the researchers, are enough to encourage the population to practice weight training without equipment to reduce the risks of deaths.
Bodybuilding can be done with weights, or with the weight of the body (push-ups, squats, pull-ups and any other exercise without equipment) or both. Before you start, you need to set goals in terms of session length, intensity and frequency per week, depending on your level of course. A good rhythm: 2 to 3 sessions a week, from 45 minutes to one hour each. If you are a beginner, the assistance of a coach will be necessary.
Emmanuel Stamatakis, I-Min Lee, Jason Bennie, Jonathan Freeston, Mark Hamer, Gary O’Donovan, Ding Ding, Adrian Bauman, Yorgi Mavros. Does not it work? A pooled analysis of eleven population cohorts with all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortality endpoints. American Journal of Epidemiology, kwx345, https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx345