Obesity is an epidemic disease in the world

Obesity is an epidemic disease in the world

Obesity is an epidemic disease in the world. It  is defined as an abnormal or excessive accumulation of body fat which can damage the health.

Obesity is an epidemic disease in the world

Defenition of obesity

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), obesity is defined as an abnormal or excessive accumulation of body fat which can damage the health. The “normal” body fat is usually lower in man (10 to 15 % of  body weight) than at the woman (20 to 25 % of the weight). It is estimated from the calculation of Body Mass Index (BMI) which takes account of the weight and the size. The BMI value allows to determine a state of body: Normality, overweight or obesity.

The measure of the fat around your middle (waist) allows to identify an excess fat at the stomach. When the middle is upper than 35.43 inches for woman (except the pregnancy) or 39.37 inches for man, we consider this as an abdominal obesity.

The obesity is a disease because it distorts the Health. The infringements can be numerous and are physical, psychological or social order. On the other side, the European Union judged that the obesity could be considered a handicap in the work. In addition, The people having a problem of weight are less well accepted in the prestigious high schools and occupy less the envied posts.

The various types of obesity

We consider the gynoid obesity when the excess of fat is mainly situated on the thighs. Articular problems and loss of autonomy can be noticed at the people most severely affected. We speak about the android obesity when the excess of fat is located on the abdomen. This type of obesity is particularly disturbing, because it is responsible for numerous pathologies such as: hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease. We consider generalized obesity when the body stores the surplus of fat mass as well on the thighs as on the abdomen. The risks for the health are then multiplied.

 

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